A pest is either a plant or an animal which adversely affects human concerns or activities including, forestry, livestock, and crops. Pest control can, therefore, be defined as the management or regulation of an animal species known as a pest. Pests generally cause a nuisance to human beings and animals, as they may lead to deadly epidemic diseases, and they may cause unnecessary competition for important resources in the environment. Due to the negative effects of pests in society, people often engage in pest control activities. This has led to the establishment of various pest control companies, like a pest control company Louisville Ky locals trust.
Main Methods of Controlling Pests
Pests can either be controlled or reduced to a large extent through the maintenance of good hygiene. Apart from maintaining good hygiene, pests can be controlled by the use of well-known methods as discussed below: The first method of pest control is known as a biological pest control method. This is a method that is mostly used to control plant pests, especially in greenhouse farming. The method involves the use of animal pest enemies to destroy pests. These enemies may be parasites, predators, or pathogens. They are introduced to the pests to interfere with their breeding ability, by feeding on their larvae or infecting them with a deadly bacterial disease.
The second method is the use of chemical pesticides. This involves the use of chemicals to eradicate pests from the ecosystem. Pesticides can be bought in the form of liquids, aerosols, or solids. They are, however, dangerous as they may contaminate the environment and cause a risk to other animals, plants, and human beings. To avoid the risks brought about by pesticides, people are advised to engage pest control companies for professional services.
The most effective way of pest control is known as hygiene control. Pests do not invade clean places because these places do not provide an avenue for them to reproduce and grow. Cleaning up houses, especially after meals, and throwing leftover foods as well as residue in the trash bins, will prevent homes from being infested by pests. Hygiene also involves sealing of septic tanks, clearing debris and weeds from the garden, and ensuring that trash is disposed of by burying or recycling.
The last method of pest control is known as organic control. This method is effective in eliminating pests found in complicated territories. It involves the use of parasitic nematodes, insecticidal soap, floating row covers, as well as the use of oil sprays. This method is not harmful to other animals or plants; it only targets pests in the process. It is also not expensive compared to other methods of pest control.
For effective pest control to take place, one is required to identify the type of pest they are dealing with as well as their lifestyle. This will help in coming up with an effective strategy of controlling pests. One should also learn the potential threats posed by these pests and where they are growing. If a person is not able to effectively control pests, pest control companies will help in the evaluation and the control of the pests on behalf of the affected person.